Hal Abelson -- Selected Publications


Turtle Geometry: The Computer as a Medium for Exploring Mathematics, with A. diSessa, MIT Press, 1981 (published translations in Spanish, Italian, Polish, and Bulgarian).

Logo for the Apple II and Apple Logo, Byte Books, Peterborough, N.H., 1982 (published translations in Spanish, French, German, Japanese, and Chinese).

Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, (with Gerald Jay Sussman and Julie Sussman), MIT Press and McGraw-Hill, 1984 (published translations in French, Japanese, and German). Second edition, 1996.

Logo for the Macintosh: An Introduction through Object Logo (with Amanda Abelson), Paradigm Software, Cambridge, MA, 1993.

Blown to Bits: Your Life, Liberty, and Happiness after the Digital Explosion, with Harry Lewis and Kenneth Ledeen, Prentice-Hall, 2008

App Inventor: Create Your Own Android Apps, with Dave Wolber, Ellen Spertus, Liz Looney, O'Reilly Media, May 2011.

Computational Thinking Education, with S.C Kong, Springer, 2019.


"Lower Bounds on Information Transfer in Distributed Computations," Journal of the ACM, vol. 27, no. 2, April,1980, pp. 384-392.

"Lisp: a Language for Stratified Design," with Gerald Jay Sussman, Byte Magazine, February 1988, pp. 207-218.

"Boxer: A Reconstructible Computational Medium," with A. diSessa, in Studying the Novice Programmer, E. Soloway and J. Spohrer (eds.), Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989.

"Intelligence in Scientific Computing," with M. Eisenberg, M. Halfant, J. Katzenelson, E. Sacks, G.J. Sussman, J. Wisdom, K. Yip, CACM, vol. 32, no. 5, May, 1989, pp. 546--562. Reprinted in Readings in Qualitative Reasoning about Physical Systems, D.S. Weld and J. deKleer (ed.), Morgan Kaufmann, 1990; also in Artificial Intelligence at MIT, P. Winston and S. Shellard (ed.), MIT Press, 1990.

"The Supercomputer Toolkit: A general framework for special-purpose computing," with A. Berlin, J. Katzenelson, W. McAllister, G. Rozas, G. J. Sussman, and Jack Wisdom, International Journal of High-Speed Electronics, vol. 3, no. 3, 1992, pp. 337-361. Also available as MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Memo number 1329, November 1991 and Hewlett-Packard Laboratories Technical Report Number HPL-94-30.

"The Risks of Key Recovery, Key Escrow, and Trusted Third-Party Encryption," with Ross Anderson, Steven Bellovin, Josh Benaloh, Matt Blaze, Whitfield Diffie, John Gilmore, Peter Neumann, Ronald Rivest, Jeffrey Schiller, and Bruce Schneier, in World Wide Web Journal, vol. 2, no. 3, Summer 1997, O'Reilly & Associates, pp. 241-257.

"Amorphous Computing," with Don Allen, Daniel Coore, Chris Hanson, George Homsy, Thomas F. Knight, Jr., Radhika Nagpal, Erik Rauch, Gerald Jay Sussman, and Ron Weiss, CACM, May 2000.

"Democratizing computing with App Inventor," with David Wolber and Mark Friedman, Mobile Computing and Communications Review, vol. 18, no. 4, October 2014, pp 53-58.

"From Computational Thinking to Computational Action," with Mike Tissenbaum and Josh Sheldon, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 62, No. 3, March 2019, Pages 34-36.

"Experiences from Teaching Actionable Machine Learning at the University Level through a Small Practicum Approach," with Natalie Lao and Irene Lee, International Conference on Computational Thinking Education 2020 (CTE2020).

"Behavioral-Pattern Exploration and Development of An Instructional Tool for Young Children to Learn AI," with Ting-Chia Hsu, Natalie Lao, and Yu-Han Tseng, Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 2, 2021.

"Zhorai: Designing a conversational agent for children to explore machine learning concepts," with P. Lin, J. Van Brummelen, G. Lukin, R. Williams, and C. Breazeal, in The 10th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence (EAAI-20) (to appear).

"AI e-Learning and Online Curriculum: The Effects of Applying Experiential Learning into the Conversational AI Learning Platform on Secondary School Students," with Ting-Chia Hsu and Jessica Van Brummelen, International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (2021) (to appear).


The MIT Coop at Kendall Square, originally published in The Tech, September 1987.

Remarks on the Harvard Society of Nerds and Geeks, The Tech, December 1989.

Last modified: March 25 2012, 9:07 PM Hal Abelson