HPKB Movement Analysis Ontology
Draft of February 9, 1998
The following summarizes the main points of the ontology developed by
the Movement Analysis group participants in the second HPKB
Battlespace challenge problem SME meeting. The shape of the structure
given below was worked out on February 6, 1998 by Eric Domeshek, Eric
Jones, John Gennari, Bill Long, myself, and the UMass representative
(my apologies for forgetting the name). I've added a bit of
annotation in spots, and based the following on notes taken by Bill
Long and myself.
The main entities described below are sites, units, occupations (of
sites by units), movements, trends, and reports. Each of these
entities may have internal and external parameters.
The aim is that reports appear in the same form, whether they are
system inputs given in the stream of simulated intelligence reports or
system outputs given in the stream of notifications. Input reports
will provide order of battle information about relevant units,
information about known sites, and observations of vehicles,
movements, and sites. Output reports (notifications) will mainly
concern sites sites, movements, and trends. Input and output reports
may be partial. Input reports typically will identify the time at
which an event occurs with some precision. Output reports may start
out very partial and abstract, but be followed up by refined reports
of increasing detail and accuracy.
This ontology only covers most of the main points; some main points
and many details may have been omitted. Some are under development by
other HPKB groups.
This includes roads and road segments.
This may be either a point or an area.
- Terrain character
There is a large subvocabulary here for different
- Number of vehicles
This is correlated with unit strengths by the
This includes revetments, drainage, etc.
Alphatech is developing a vocabulary for damage
- Command post
Battalions don't have rear command
posts, but division and corp echelons do.
- Ammo depot
- Fuel depot
- Food depot
- Maintenance depot
- Special ammo depot
This means nuclear, chemical, or
- Field trains
- Combat trains
- Assembly/staging area
- Long range
- Multiple rocket launchers (MRL)
- Surface to surface missles (SSM)
- Short range
- Land based cruise missle (LBCM)
- Air defense artillery (ADA)
- Battle positions
- Tank units
- Mechanized units
- Combat engineer units
- Area of operations (AO)
- Major Supply Route (MSR)
This is a relation or reified association between units and
sites for periods of time.
Units may be either abstract, as in doctrine, or concrete, as in
units actually deployed. Concrete units will have properties
that vary with time, and the needed descriptions refer to both
properties holding initially of the unit and at the current (or
- Order of battle (OB)
This describes the constitution of the unit; types
of vehicles, equipment, personnel, the numbers
of each of these, and their command and control
For example, division, brigade, battalion, company
- Mechanized infantry
- Current (Dynamic)
- Battle position
- Second echelon
The current number of vehicles expressed as a
percentage of the initial number of vehicles.
Movements have three main subtypes. Any of these subtypes may
exhibit the variety of properties.
- Unit movement
This subtype is for a unit moving in its entirety.
- Unit fragment
This subtype is for a part of a unit moving on its own.
- List of sites
- Intermediate sites
- List of occupations
- Start time
- End time
Put units into position
Move units to new positions to avoid targeting
Bring supplies to or from deployed units
- REPORTS of events
This form for reports needs to be elaborated to allow making
disjunctive reports that indicate a probability distribution (or
other weighting information).
- Report time
This is the time at which the report is issued. It
normally is no earlier than the time of the event being
reported. The time or duration of the event being
reported will be described in a manner appropriate to the
report subclass (e.g., occupations reported with a
duration, unit strength reported at some particular time).
- Name: 33rd
- Type: mech
- Echelon: brigade
- Nominal comp (OpCom): (V.1 V.57 V.53 V.19)
- Nominal vehicle: count
- Actual comp (OpCon):
- Strength: %count
Last modified: Mon Feb 9 15:19:40 EST 1998